The middle-class hold the economic capacity and the cities are proud of their know-how, the artists start to travel.
The masters' workshops and their apprentices gradually disappear and the first art schools are created. Artists no longer have apprentices to prepare their pigments and binders. Chardin decides to ask a tradesman supplier to prepare his colours. , an ancestor of the Lefranc family, runs a business selling pigments and spices in Saint Germain in Paris. A close relationship is established with the artists : the fine arts industry is born.